Having lived in Japan for many years and visited a variety of Japanese gardens I often wondered how these types of gardens are different from their predecessors in China. In fact, the Japanese garden originally came to Japan from China so are they still the same or different? This lead me to the question I think many people have asked before which is, what is the difference between Chinese and Japanese gardens? The main difference between Chinese and Japanese gardens is that Chinese gardens tend to be more bold, exotic, ornamental, and have more architecture and structures throughout a park-like setting, compared to Japanese gardens which tend to be more subdued, austere and minimalist overall. Of course this is an oversimplification of the differences between Japanese Gardens and Chinese gardens but on the surface these are some of the key areas that can be highlighted. Prince Shotoku sent a delegation to China to learn and study there after they returned the best type of garden was built in the Nara area, which was the capital of Japan at the time.